DTP: A-Z Lexicon

DTP: A-Z Lexicon

Bleed: When any image or element on a page touches the edge of the page leaving no margin it is said to bleed off the page. You must allow for deviations in cutting the paper when elements bleed off the page hence the name.
CYMK: CMYK refers to four colors of ink used in printing.  C is cyan (a blue-green color), M is magenta (a reddish pink color), Y is yellow K is a pure black ink, the key plate or keyline color.

 

Color separated copy: Used for when printing on an older printer.

 

Drop Cap: The first or initial letter in a paragraph, enhanced to draw attention to the text is called an initial cap, or more commonly a dropped cap.

 

Greeking: In page layout greeking is used to check layout and overall appearance without the distraction of the actual text. There are two types of greeking:

Unreadable characters that simulate actual text

Nonsense text (such as Lorem Ipsum) used as a placeholder for actual text.

 

Gutter: The term gutter in desktop publishing refers to the inside margins.

 

Hanging indent: With hanging indents, a paragraph’s first line is flush left but the remaining lines are indented.

 

hard copy: refers to the finished product that is printed out after being created in Desktop Publisher.

 

Hyphenation: A hyphen is a short punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word or the characters in a telephone number.

 

Justified Text: Is the typographic alignment setting of text or images within a column or “measure” to align along both the left and right margin. Text set this way is said to be “justified.”

 

Kerning: The adjustment of space between pairs of letters to make them more visually appealing is known as kerning. It is normally applied to individual letter pairs in headlines or other large type.

 

Leading: Leading is also called line spacing. Some programs offer multiple ways to specify leading which can lead to some confusion.

Although it refers to the space between lines of text, leading measurements are generally specified as the amount of space from baseline to baseline. Leading is normally measured in points, just like type.

 

Legibility of text: Legibility and readability are a function of the specific typeface, and how type is composed on the page.

 

Margin: The margins — top, bottom, and either side — is that usually empty space between the trim (where the page is cut) and the live printing area (primary text and graphics) of the page. Sometimes headers or footers may be placed within the margins.

 

Monochrome: picture, especially a painting, done in different shades of a single color.

 

Orphan: A dangling word or phrase or start of a paragraph separated from the rest of its paragraph is an orphan.

 

Point (pt): A point is a unit of measurement that is the standard for measuring type.

 

Readability of text: How easy is the text to read.

 

RGB: RGB is a color mode. It works great on the Web and on-screen but it’s not the best choice if you’re trying to get something printed on a commercial printing press.

 

Serif: In typography, a serif is the little extra stroke found at the end of main vertical and horizontal strokes of some letterforms

 

Text wrapping: Text can be wrapped around objects of any shape through 4 different wrapping modes.

 

Widow: a widow is commonly defined as a word or short phrase separated from the rest of a paragraph and left sitting at the top of the next column or the next page.

 

Pull quote: Used to attract attention, especially in long articles, a pull-quote is a small selection of text pulled out and quoted in a larger typeface

 

Copy fitting: determining of the area to be occupied by given copy when set in type.

 

Stand first: A lead, or lede, paragraph in literature is the opening paragraph of an article, essay, news story or book chapter. Often called the lead.

 

Slug: The slug might be a word or two, such as a title/name/date, typed directly on a print-out of the document — such as in the upper left or right hand corner — or it could be more detailed information stored with a digital file that includes author/revision information, etc.